The Supertrend Indicator is a widely used tool in technical analysis for assessing market trends. It calculates a trend-following line based on the average true range (ATR) and a multiplier. When plotted on a price chart, it indicates potential buy or sell signals, with the line above suggesting an uptrend and below indicating a downtrend. Traders utilize it to identify trend direction, and entry/exit points, and to set stop-loss orders.

What is a Supertrend Indicator?

The Supertrend Indicator stands as a cornerstone in the toolkit of traders, offering a robust method for analyzing market trends. It operates by computing a trend line derived from the average true range (ATR) coupled with a multiplier factor, which is then plotted onto price charts. This line serves as a visual cue: when positioned above the price, it signifies an ongoing uptrend, whereas a placement below indicates a downtrend. Traders keenly observe these dynamics for potential buy or sell signals, leveraging the indicator’s insights to inform their trading decisions.

Moreover, the Supertrend Indicator extends its utility beyond mere trend identification. It aids traders in setting strategic stop-loss orders, crucial for managing risk exposure. This functionality proves invaluable across diverse financial markets, spanning stocks, forex, commodities, and cryptocurrencies. Its adaptability ensures that traders can apply it across various asset classes with confidence.

In essence, the Supertrend Indicator empowers traders with the ability to discern prevailing market sentiments and anticipate potential trend reversals. Armed with this knowledge, traders can craft well-informed strategies for entry, exit, and risk management, thereby enhancing their prospects for success in the dynamic world of trading.

Here's a basic overview of how the Supertrend Indicator works:

  • Calculation: The Supertrend Indicator is calculated using the average true range (ATR) and a multiplier factor. The ATR measures market volatility over a specified period. The formula for calculating the upertrend involves adding/subtracting the ATR multiplied by the multiplier factor to/from the moving average.

  • Plotting: The result of the calculation is plotted on the price chart. Typically, the Supertrend line appears above the price during a downtrend and below the price during an uptrend.

  • Interpretation: Traders use the Supertrend Indicator to identify trends and potential entry or exit points. When the price is above the Supertrend line, it’s considered bullish, signaling a potential buying opportunity. Conversely, when the price is below the Supertrend line, it’s considered bearish, indicating a potential selling opportunity.

  • Signal Generation: The Supertrend Indicator can also generate buy or sell signals. A buy signal occurs when the price crosses above the Supertrend line, indicating a potential uptrend. Conversely, a sell signal occurs when the price crosses below the Supertrend line, signaling a potential downtrend.

  • Stop-loss Placement: Traders often use the Supertrend Indicator to place stop-loss orders. During an uptrend, the stop-loss can be placed below the Supertrend line, while during a downtrend, it can be placed above the Supertrend line.

Supertrend Indicator Formula

The formula for the Supertrend Indicator involves several steps:
  • Calculate the Average True Range (ATR) over a specified period, typically 14 periods.
  • Determine a multiplier value, often set between 1.5 and 3, depending on the trader’s preference and market conditions.
  • Compute the Upper Band: Upper Band = (High + Low) / 2 + (ATR * Multiplier)
  • Compute the Lower Band: Lower Band = (High + Low) / 2 – (ATR * Multiplier)
  • Choose the initial Supertrend value based on whether the current close price is above or below the Upper Band:
    • If the close price is above the Upper Band, the initial Supertrend value is set to the Upper Band.
    • If the close price is below the Lower Band, the initial Supertrend value is set to the Lower Band.
  • Update the Supertrend value for each subsequent period:
    • If the close price crosses above the Upper Band, update the Supertrend value to the Upper Band.
    • If the close price crosses below the Lower Band, update the Supertrend value to the Lower Band.
    • Otherwise, keep the Supertrend value unchanged.

Pros & Cons of Supertrend Indicator

Pros of the Supertrend Indicator:
  • Trend Identification: It effectively identifies trends in the market, helping traders to align their strategies with the prevailing direction.
  • Simple to Use: The indicator is relatively easy to understand and apply, making it suitable for traders of all experience levels.
  • Versatility: It can be used across various financial markets, including stocks, forex, commodities, and cryptocurrencies.
  • Customizable: Traders can adjust parameters such as the period length and multiplier to suit their trading style and preferences.
  • Entry and Exit Signals: It provides clear buy and sell signals based on price movements relative to the Supertrend line.
Cons of the Supertrend Indicator:
  • Lagging Indicator: Like many trend-following indicators, the Supertrend can lag behind price movements, potentially leading to delayed signals.
  • Whipsaws: During choppy or ranging markets, the indicator may produce false signals, leading to losses if not filtered properly.
  • Not Suitable for Range-Bound Markets: In sideways markets, the Supertrend may give unclear signals, confusing for traders.
  • Parameter Sensitivity: The effectiveness of the indicator can be sensitive to parameter settings, requiring optimization for different market conditions.
  • Risk of over-reliance: Relying solely on the Supertrend Indicator without considering other factors or indicators may lead to suboptimal trading decisions.


The Supertrend Indicator stands as a valuable tool for traders, offering insights into market trends, entry and exit points, and risk management. With a simple yet effective formula based on the Average True Range (ATR), it provides clear signals for both bullish and bearish market conditions. While it boasts versatility across various asset classes, traders must remain mindful of its limitations, including lagging signals and susceptibility to whipsaws. By incorporating the Supertrend Indicator into a comprehensive trading strategy, traders can harness its strengths while mitigating its weaknesses, enhancing their ability to navigate the dynamic landscape of financial markets.

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